Within each of your extremities, including the legs, are a network of veins containing valves along their length that, when normally functioning, help return blood to the heart. When venous disease, or venous insufficiency, occurs, this indicates there has been damage to these veins and they become leaky, failing to properly pump blood back toward the heart. This results in excessive pooling of blood in the legs, which can lead to a variety of symptoms including aching, swelling and pigmentary changes on the skin.
Venous disease is a very common health condition, with over 40 million people affected in the U.S. Venous disease affects both men and women of all ages and risk increases with advancing age. Factors which may increase risk of venous disease include genetic predisposition (family history), jobs requiring prolonged standing, pregnancy, and environmental risks, among others.
Pooling of blood in the legs secondary to venous disease may lead to a variety of symptoms, including:
Common risk factors for varicose veins, venous disease and venous insufficiency include:
If you have any of the above symptoms, it could be indicative of serious venous disease. If your legs have varicose veins, this means blood is not returning from your legs to your heart properly, and may also indicate an increased risk of progressive venous disease. Without proper treatment, you may experience extreme discomfort and serious medical conditions such as ulcers, phlebitis and cellulitis, among others.
Treatment plans are discussed during the consultation. All treatment plans are individualized and based upon a variety of factors, including your symptoms, vein anatomy, and most importantly, the severity of vein disease. Likewise, the number of treatments required is also individualized and may be variable. For more information, including which treatment option is best for you and what your individualized treatment plan should be, please click here.
After your procedure, most patients can expect to experience significant symptomatic relief within a day or two of treatment. All of our procedures are performed in the outpatient, office setting, and performed under local anesthesia. Patients are able to return to work or drive immediately after the procedure. It is important to follow the verbal and written instructions provided to you by your doctor and care providers for optimal treatment and recovery.
Regular exercise and maintenance of a healthy weight are essential in the overall management of venous disease and may prevent or delay onset of disease and reduce symptoms.
Varicose veins and venous insufficiency are known to be progressive diseases. Spider veins are usually seen as the tip of the iceberg in venous disease, and usually suggest significant underlying venous disease. Clinical examination, coupled with venous ultrasound, can help establish the severity of venous disease and serve as a guide for treatment plans.